Fruit trees - WONDER

Fertilizer application rates and recommendation for fruit trees

  • To exact determination and calculation the required amount of fertilizer application, it is recommended to conduct soil agrochemical analysis, taking into account the planned yield indicators
  • We recommend to discuss nutritional special aspects with your regional manager

BBCH 08-09
Green bud

BBCH 51-59
Budding (pink bud)

BBCH 67-69
End of flowering, ovary formation

BBCH 71-79
Fruit and seeds formation

After the harvest

BBCH 08-09
Green bud

BBCH 08-09
Green bud

In this macro stage, the growth and formation of the fruit and seeds occurs. The embryo and endosperm increase in size. The size of the fruit and seeds (length is typical for the variety and hybrid). It should be noted that it is possible to influence the mass and quality of the fruit and seeds due to such complex fertilizers as calcium and trace elements.

The fruit is formed from the ovary of the pistil after fertilization and is a characteristic feature of a flower plant. A sharp increase in ovarian cell division is observed after pollination. Then comes the phase of stretching the cells. The nature of growth is closely dependent on the type of fetus.

After pollination, cell division continues for some time. For example, underdeveloped seeds for certain reasons cause premature fruit fall. Uneven development of seeds leads to deformation of the fruit.

Wonder Leaf Wonder Micro
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
4%

N

Total Nitrogen

4%

MgO

Magnesium oxide

10%

SO₃

Sulfur trioxide

0,5%

B

Boron

0,5%

Cu

Copper сhelate

0,5%

Zn

Zink chelate

0,6%

Fe

Iron chelat

0,9%

Mn

Manganese chelate

5,2%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

5%

Organic acids

3,6

pH

1,28

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Mono Fe 10
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
8,8%

Fe

Iron chelate

4,4%

N

Total Nitrogen

12%

SO₃

Sulfur trioxide

3

pH

1,36

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Mono Zn 8
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
8%

Zn

Zinc chelate

5%

N

Total Nitrogen

10%

SO₃

Sulfur trioxide

2,5%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

8%

Organic acids

3,9

pH

1,33

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Amino 43
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
43%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

6,7

pH

1,15

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Mono P 30
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
30%

P₂O₅

Phosphorus pentoxide

4%

N

Total Nitrogen

0,5%

B

Boron

0,5%

Zn

Zinc chelate

1%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

4%

Organic acids

3,5

pH

1,37

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

BBCH 51-59
Budding (pink bud)

BBCH 51-59
Budding (pink bud)

In this macro stage, the processes of formation of all organs of the flower inflorescence are completed, the development of flowers from the rudiments up to their opening. The largest upper internode continues to grow.

Compound fertilizers are applied with an emphasis on nitrogen and trace elements such as zinc. In terms of development, a flower can be viewed as a determinate growth axis of a shoot, with lateral members occupying areas of the leaves that differentiate as floral organs – sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils.

In the transition to flowering, the apex of the stem undergoes characteristic changes, the most noticeable of which is the shape of the apex area, which is related to the type of structure to be formed, whether a single flower, as in the tulip, or a bunch of flowers (inflorescences), as in the lilac.

The area of cell division extends to the entire apex, and the end-cell RNA content increases. When a single flower emerges, lateral buds appear higher and higher on the sides of the apical dome, and the entire apex is absorbed in the process, after which apical growth ceases.

Wonder Leaf Amino 43
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
43%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

6,7

pH

1,15

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Mono B 11
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
11%

B

Boron

5%

N

Total Nitrogen

1%

Aminoacids

Vegetable origin

7,9

pH

1,37

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Green
  • Form: Crystalline
  • Packaging: 25 kg
7%

P₂O₅

Phosphorus pentoxide water soluble

5%

K₂O

Potassium oxide water soluble

16%

SO₃

Sulfur trioxide water soluble

2%

B

Boron water soluble

2%

Zn

Zinc water solubl water soluble

2%

Cu

Сopper water soluble

0,05%

Mo

Molybdenum water soluble

2%

Fe

Iron water soluble water soluble

4%

Mn

Manganese water soluble

15%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Orange
  • Form: Crystalline
  • Packaging: 25 kg
7%

P₂O₅

Phosphorus pentoxide water soluble

5%

K₂O

Potassium oxide water soluble

16%

SO₃

water soluble Zinc water soluble Sulfur trioxide water soluble

0,5%

B

Boron water soluble

6%

Zn

Zinc water soluble

5%

Cu

e Sulfur trioxide water soluble Сopper water solubl

0,05%

Mo

Molybdenum water soluble

2%

Fe

Iron water solubl

4%

Mn

Manganese water soluble

18%

Amino acids

Vegetable origi

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Pink
  • Form: Crystalline
  • Packaging: 20 kg
20%

B

Boron water soluble

Your future harvest in this package!

BBCH 67-69
End of flowering, ovary formation

BBCH 67-69
End of flowering, ovary formation

In this macro stage, the growth and formation of the fruit and seeds occurs. It should be noted that the embryo and endosperm increase in size.

The size of the fruit and seeds and their length are typical of the variety and hybrid. It should be noted that it is possible to influence the mass and quality of the fruit and seeds by complex fertilizers, calcium and trace elements. The fruit is formed from the ovary of the pistil after fertilization and is a characteristic feature of a flowering plant. A sharp increase in ovary cell division is observed immediately after the pollination process. Then comes a phase such as cell stretching. The nature of growth is closely related to the type of fetus. After pollination, cell division continues for some time. After pollination, cell division continues for some time.

The fertilized egg, the endosperm and the developing seeds have a strong controlling influence on fruit growth. For example, underdeveloped seeds, for certain specific reasons, are a factor in premature fruit drop. If the seed development is not uniform, the consequence can be a deformed fruit.

Wonder Leaf Wonder Macro
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
10%

N

Total Nitrogen

10%

P₂O₅

Phosphorus pentoxide water soluble

10%

K₂O

Potassium oxide

1%

Organic acids

0,5%

MgO

Magnesium oxide

3%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

4,3

pH

1,25

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Wonder Micro
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
4%

N

Total Nitrogen

4%

MgO

Magnesium oxide

10%

SO₃

Sulfur trioxide

0,5%

B

Boron

0,5%

Cu

Copper сhelate

0,5%

Zn

Zink chelate

0,6%

Fe

Iron chelat

0,9%

Mn

Manganese chelate

5,2%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

5%

Organic acids

3,6

pH

1,28

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Mono Zn 8
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
8%

Zn

Zinc chelate

5%

N

Total Nitrogen

10%

SO₃

Sulfur trioxide

2,5%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

8%

Organic acids

3,9

pH

1,33

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Amino 43
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
43%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

6,7

pH

1,15

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Mono B 11
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
11%

B

Boron

5%

N

Total Nitrogen

1%

Aminoacids

Vegetable origin

7,9

pH

1,37

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

BBCH 71-79
Fruit and seeds formation

BBCH 71-79
Fruit and seeds formation

In this macro stage, the growth and formation of the fruit and seeds occurs. It should be noted that the embryo and endosperm increase in size.

The size of the fruit and seeds and their length are typical of the variety and hybrid. It should be noted that it is possible to influence the mass and quality of the fruit and seeds by complex fertilizers, calcium and trace elements. The fruit is formed from the ovary of the pistil after fertilization and is a characteristic feature of a flowering plant. A sharp increase in ovary cell division is observed immediately after the pollination process. Then comes a phase such as cell stretching. The nature of growth is closely related to the type of fetus. After pollination, cell division continues for some time. After pollination, cell division continues for some time.

The fertilized egg, the endosperm and the developing seeds have a strong controlling influence on fruit growth. For example, underdeveloped seeds, for certain specific reasons, are a factor in premature fruit drop. If the seed development is not uniform, the consequence can be a deformed fruit.

Wonder Leaf Wonder Macro
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
10%

N

Total Nitrogen

10%

P₂O₅

Phosphorus pentoxide water soluble

10%

K₂O

Potassium oxide

1%

Organic acids

0,5%

MgO

Magnesium oxide

3%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

4,3

pH

1,25

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Wonder Micro
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
4%

N

Total Nitrogen

4%

MgO

Magnesium oxide

10%

SO₃

Sulfur trioxide

0,5%

B

Boron

0,5%

Cu

Copper сhelate

0,5%

Zn

Zink chelate

0,6%

Fe

Iron chelat

0,9%

Mn

Manganese chelate

5,2%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

5%

Organic acids

3,6

pH

1,28

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Mono Ca 14
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
14%

CaO

Calcium oxide

8%

N

Total Nitrogen

2%

MgO

Magnesium oxide

3

pH

1,43

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Red
  • Form: Crystalline
  • Packaging: 25 kg
10%

N

Total Nitrogen

20%

P₂O₅

Phosphorus pentoxide water soluble

30%

K₂O

Potassium oxide water soluble

15%

SO₃

Sulfur trioxide water soluble

2%

B₂O₃

Total Boron trioxide

Your future harvest in this package!

After the harvest

After the harvest

In this macro stage, the transformation of plastic substances into spare ones occurs. Also at this stage, the germination of seeds is formed.

The death of cells, organs, or individual plants looks programmed and, in a sense, adaptive. Obviously, this refers to the death of individual cells during differentiation, when the residual products contribute to the effective function of the entire plant organism.

The death of leaves and shoot systems is part of the adaptation of the plant to the cycle of the seasons. It is worth noting that in annual species, the death of the entire plant can be considered in a similar way. The sequence of generations in this case is done by seeds. The mother plant can actually contribute to the success of the seedling by providing the seeds with reserves obtained as a result of the decay of parental tissues.

Certain signs characterize the onset of aging. In cells, degenerative changes are observed, often associated with the accumulation of decay products. Certain signs characterize the onset of aging. In cells, degenerative changes are observed, often associated with the accumulation of decay products. Metabolic configurations accompany degeneration. Breathing may increase for a time, but the rate eventually decreases as the cellular apparatus degenerates. Protein and nucleic acid synthesis ceases, and in some cases cell decay is attributed to the release of enzymes due to the destruction of membrane-associated bodies called lysosomes.

Individual cell death in tissues such as the xylem seems to be determined by internal factors, but aging often depends on tissue-organ interactions. The presence of developing young leaves often accelerates the aging of old leaves; removal of young leaves slows the aging of old leaves, indicating control through competition for nutrients.

A similar effect is observed in annual plants, in which developing fruits and seeds are associated with aging and, ultimately, death of the rest of the plant; removal of reproductive structures slows the rate of aging. In these cases, competition obviously has some effect, but it does not sufficiently explain why older, mature bodies suffer in competition with still actively developing ones.

Wonder Leaf Mono Zn 8
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
8%

Zn

Zinc chelate

5%

N

Total Nitrogen

10%

SO₃

Sulfur trioxide

2,5%

Amino acids

Vegetable origin

8%

Organic acids

3,9

pH

1,33

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Mono B 11
  • Form: Liquid
  • Packaging: 1l, 5 l, 20 l, 1000 l
11%

B

Boron

5%

N

Total Nitrogen

1%

Aminoacids

Vegetable origin

7,9

pH

1,37

Density

(kg/l)

Your future harvest in this package!

Wonder Leaf Pink
  • Form: Crystalline
  • Packaging: 20 kg
20%

B

Boron water soluble

Your future harvest in this package!

How to choose the right nutrients for fruit trees?

The term N:P:K usually means nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K). These are so-called macronutrients. In order to remember them, you’ll have to learn the following saying: C. Hopkins Café Mighty Good Clean Mob Comes In (or C. HOPKNS CaFe Mg Cl MoB CuMnZn).

HOPKNS CaFe Mg Cl MoB CuMnZn represents 16 essential nutrients needed for plants. It denotes: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, potassium (K), nitrogen, sulfur, calcium, iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), chlorine (Cl), molybdenum, boron, copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn).

How to understand which nutrients are deficient at a fruit tree?

Before letting the garden rest, soil sampling is carried out according to the recommendations of the laboratory or institution that will conduct agrochemical analysis. In Ukraine, there are institutions that offer sampling grids, for example: 1, 5, 10 or 25 ha/mixed sample. A sampling grid with sampling routes (diagonal or zeta routes are possible) is preliminarily created, a vehicle with a sampler carries out soil sampling (punctures to a chosen depth, horizons of 30 or 60 cm are possible) and a mixed sample is sent to a specialized laboratory for measuring the given indicators of macro- and microelements. It is also possible to do on one’s own, if you know how to do it, using a manual sampler and send it yourself. According to your request, the laboratory provides recommendations on applying fertilizers to provide your garden with one or another element of nutrition that is in short supply or in insufficient quantity.

Another way to find out what exact element isn’t enough at your tree, is conducting a plant analysis. If you are considering a specific tree, you need to pluck a few leaves from it and send it to the laboratory. If it is a large garden, then you’ll need to walk around and pluck leaves diagonally from different trees. Specialists will analyze them chemically and provide you with a result, containing the percentage of nutrients that your plants lack.

Can you see nutrient deficiency symptoms by looking at a tree?

In some cases, if you understand it quite well or if you’ve been through the agronomic training, the condition of the tree can tell where precisely the attention should be payed, but usually when you see certain symptoms, the tree has a problem coming right from the past. For example, if the tree is deficient of nitrogen, it’s shoot growth won’t be good enough and its growth and development will be stunted. The leaves will be of a light green color and small, they will turn yellow prematurely, starting from the edges. And, accordingly, if your plants are really dark green and actively growing, they have too much nitrogen.

Do you need to fertilize fruit trees in winter?

Fruit trees come out of dormancy when temperature begin to rise and therefore a metabolic reaction starts. They start using up the reserves they laid down last fall and stored over the winter in their trunks, roots, branches, and stems.

Therefore, in early spring, most of the growth comes from the reserves that are there in the tree. And that’s why you need to apply soil fertilizers about 4-6 weeks before flowering, as it is  the time needed for those nutrients to move into the soil and be reabsorbed by the tree when the soil temperature rises. And they use these reserves to initiate vegetative growth.

What fertilizers do fruit trees need in late winter or early spring?

At this time of the year, they need such macroelements as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium. Among the mesoelements, some magnesium and sulfur will be needed if the plants are deficient of them and it can be observed now or could be observed during previous years. But mostly they need macronutrients. These are the nutrients needed in the biggest amount.

How do fruit tree feeding needs change in the spring?

The initial growth up until flowering uses the reserves that are there in the tree. Once the tree has flowered, it will start using all the nutrients you applied before it went dormant and during the dormant period itself. The roots take nutrients and distribute them all over the tree. And depending on the nutrient and the place of the most growth the nutrients will be delivered right there.

For stone fruits such as peaches and cherries, the first thing to open from the bud is the flower. In pome fruits, such as apples and pears, the shoot first begins to grow, followed by flowers. And that is why the distance between flowers is small. So really in the spring, to set fruit on stone trees, they really have to make sure they have enough stock from the previous year to support the initial fruit set of those stone trees. While apples, they also need to support shoot growth, and then they need to set flowers. Therefore, pome fruit may need a double dose of nutrients.

When may foliar application of calcium be necessary?

Calcium can solve what some call a “bitter pit” problem, a problem common to apple trees. It is common while calcium deficiency. The easiest way to solve it – is to spray the plant with calcium, starting after flowering and about every 10-15 days, using Wonder Leaf Mono Ca 14 (Ca – 14, N – 8, MgO – 2, w/w %).

What nutrients do fruit trees need in summer?

The crucial point when growing fruit trees is that we want fruit to set, isn’t it? Therefore, it is that exact time when micronutriients are compulsory to be applied for providing the fruits with nutrition. Initially, fruiting and growth takes place mainly due to cell division. So, all the cells divide. Later while vegetation, this occurs by cell expansion. So if there are a lot of cells that bind and divide early, right after flowering, then there will be more cells that can expand later, and so your fruit size will be bigger.

So the nitrogen level has to be high. Another important thing that is really critical during pollination is the boron level. That’s why you need a high level of boron in your fertilizer. And many commercial growers do foliar feeding with boron fertilizers in the fall or shortly after flowering. In order for your fruit trees to receive an element such as boron in sufficient quantity, we recommend using the following fertilizers: Wonder Leaf Pink (B – 20, w/w %), Wonder Leaf Mono B 11 (B – 11, N – 5 , w/w %), Wonder Leaf Mono B 120 (B – 9, w/w %).

What nutrients do fruit trees need in the fall?

The trees have gone through the growing season from budding to maturity and entry into the state of anabiosis. The fruit is being picked and all of a sudden you look up and think to yourself, “Well, our fruit has a bit of a cork and a bitter pit on it or it doesn’t look as expected.” Commercial growers often apply some microelements in the fall.

These microelements are only needed in very small amounts. These are boron, manganese, zinc and iron. In order to prevent manganese deficiency, we recommend using Wonder Leaf Mono Mn 11 fertilizer (Mn – 11, N – 2, SO3 – 10, w/w %). In order to prevent zinc deficiency, we recommend using Wonder Leaf Mono Zn 8 (Zn – 8, N – 5, SO3 – 10, w/w %). So often in the fall, after the fruit is gone, but before the leaves fall, commercial growers come in with foliar applications of microelements.

Show

Contact us in order to receive cooperation terms and details

Partners are our customers and suppliers, whom we care about and who determine our path.

+38 067 0000 304 info@wonder-corporation.com FEEDBACK